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英语十六大时态总结(表格)2

[日期:11-16] 来源:网络  作者:未知 [字体: ]

9、一般过去将来时

立足于过去某一时刻,从过去看将来,常用于宾语从句中

The next day(morning,

Year)

The following month

(week) etc

1,Was/were+going to+do

2,would/should+do+其他

Was/were放于句首,would/should提到句首

1Was/were+not+going to+do

2would/should+not+do

10、过去将来进行时

就过去某一时间而言,将来某一时刻或某一段时间正在进行的动作,主要用于宾语从句中,多用于间接引语

 

 Shoud/would+be+现在分词

 

例句:They said they would be coming

He said he could not come because he would be having a meeting

11、将来完成时

在将来某一时刻之前开始的动作或状态

By the time of,by the end of+时间短语(将来) by the time+从句(将来)

主语+be going to/will/shall+shall+have+p,p(过去分词)+其他

 

例句:By the time you get back,great changes will have taken place in this area

12、过去将来完成时

过去某一时间对将来某一时刻以前所会发生的动作,常用在虚拟语气中,表示与过去的事实相反

 

Should/would have done sth

 

例句:I thought you'd have left by this time

He told them he would have finished it by 8 o'clock

13、现在完成进行时

从过去某一时间开始一直延续到现在的动作,这一动作可能刚刚开始,也可能仍然在继续,并可能延续到将来

Since+时间点, for+时间段

Hanv/has+been+doing+其他

 

 

例句:I have been sitting here for an hour

 The children have been watching TV since six o'clock.

14、过去完成进行时

某正在进行的动作或状态,持续到过去某个时刻,还未完成,一直持续到之后的当前才结束

特殊含义:1,尚未完成:He had been writing the novel 他已经在写小说了(他没写完)

2,企图:He had been studying the meaning of this proverb他曾今学习过这个谚语(他曾经努力学习过他)

3,未得结果:We had been studying what our enemy had said  我们一直致力于敌人所说的(但是我们没有理解)

 

had+been+doing+其他

4,最近情况:He had been quarrelling with his wife.他和他的妻子吵了一场架。(最近)

5,反复动作:He had been asking me the same question.他一直问我相同的问题(屡次)

 

例句:She had been suffering from a bad cold when she took the exam

Had they been expecting the news for some time?

6,情绪:What had he been doing?他做了什么(不耐烦)

15、将来完成时

表示动作从某一时间开始一直延续到将来某一时间。是否继续下去,要视上下文而定。

 

Shall/will have been doing

 

例句:I shall have been working here in this factory for twenty years by the end of the year

 

16、过去将来完成时

表示从过去某时看至未来某时以前会一直在进行的动作。

 

Should/would+have+been+现在分词

 

例句:He told me that by the end of the year he would have been living there for thirty years.

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