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清明节英语介绍和节日寄语

[日期:04-03] 来源:网络  作者:未知 [字体: ]

清明节英语介绍和节日寄语


  1、Qing Ming Jie(All Souls' Day/Tomb-Sweeping Day/Pure Brightness Day)
  
  Qing Ming is a time to remember the dead and the dearly departed. More important, it is a period to honour and to pay respect to one's deceased ancestors and family members. Because it reinforces the ethic of filial piety, Qing Ming is a major Chinese festival.
  
  Literally meaning “clear” (Qing) and “bright” (Ming), this Chinese festival falls in early spring, on the 106th day after the winter solstice. It is a “spring” festival, and it is an occasion for the whole family to leave the home and to sweep the graves of their forebears. Chinese being practical people this sweeping of the graves is given an extended period, that is, 10 days before and after Qing Ming day. Among some dialect groups a whole month is allocated.
  
  清明节是一个纪念祖先的节日。主要的纪念仪式是扫墓,扫墓是慎终追远、郭亲睦邻及行孝的具体表现;基于上述意义,清明节因此成为华人的重要节日。 清明节是在仲春和暮春之交,也就是冬至后的106天。扫墓活动通常是在清明节的前十天或后十天。有些地域的人士的扫墓活动长达一个月。
  
  2、起源
  
  Qing Ming is popularly associated with Jie Zi Zhui, who lived in Shanxi province in 600 B.C. Legend has it that Jie saved his starving lord's life by serving a piece of his own leg. When the lord succeeded in becoming the ruler of a small principality, he invited his faithful follower to join him. However, Jie declined his invitation, preferring to lead a hermit's life with his mother in the mountains.
  
  Believing that he could force Jie out by burning the mountain, the lord ordered his men to set the forest on fire. To his consternation, Jie chose to remain where he was and was burnt to death. To commemorate Jie, the lord ordered all fires in every home to be put out on the anniversary of Jie's death. Thus began the “cold food feast”, a day when no food could be cooked since no fire could be lit.
  
  The “cold food” festival occurs on the eve of Qing Ming and is often considered as part of the Qing Ming festival. As time passes, the Qing Ming festival replaced the “cold food” festival. Whatever practice is observed,the basic observation of Qing Ming is to remember one's elders by making a special effort to visit their graves, ashes or ancestral tablets. To make the visit even more meaningful, some time should be spent to remind the younger members of the family of the lives and contributions of their ancestors, and the story of Jie Zi Zhui who choose death over capitulation.
  
  谈到清明节,有点历史知识的人,都会联想到历史人物介子椎。据历史记载,在两千多年以前的春秋时代,晋国公子重耳逃亡在外,生活艰苦,跟随他的介子椎不惜从自己的腿上割下一块肉让他充饥。后来,重耳回到晋国,作了国君(即晋文公,春秋五霸之一),大事封赏所有跟随他流亡在外的随从,惟独介子椎拒绝接受封赏,他带了母亲隐居绵山。
  
  晋文公无计可施,只好放火烧山,他想,介子椎孝顺母亲,一定会带着老母出来。谁知这场大火却把介子椎母子烧死了。为了纪念介子椎,晋文公下令每年的这一天,禁止生火,家家户户只能吃生冷的食物,这就是寒食节的来源。
  
  寒食节是在清明节的前一天,古人常把寒食节的活动延续到清明,久而久之,清明取代了寒食节。拜介子椎的习俗也变成了清明扫墓的习俗了。无论以何种形式纪念,为了使纪念祖先的仪式更有意义,我们应该让年轻一代的家庭成员了解先人过去的奋斗历史,当然,还要学习介子椎宁死不屈的气节。
  
  每年的公历四月五日前后为清明节,是二十四节气之一。今年的清明节是4月4日。在二十四个节气中,既是节气又是节日的只有清明。清明节是我国传统节日,也是最重要的祭祀节日。按照旧的习俗,祭祀(扫墓)时,人们要携带酒食果品、纸钱等物品到墓地,将食物供祭在亲人墓前,再将纸钱焚化,为坟墓培上新土,折几枝嫩绿的新枝插在坟上,然后叩头行礼祭拜,最后吃掉酒食回家。
  
  清明节,又叫踏青节,正是春光明媚草木吐绿的时节,也正是人们春游的好时候,所以古人有清明踏青,并开展一系列体育活动的的习俗。直到今天,清明节祭拜祖先,悼念已逝的亲人的习俗仍很盛行。


  
  3、节日寄语
  
  追终慎远,寄托哀思,清明节来临之际,我们都在用自己的方式表达对已故亲人的思念之情。古人过清明节要祭扫先祖、踏青游玩、植柳驱鬼,而如今的清明节人们又发明出了网上悼念等既经济又环保的新形式。让我们来看看和清明节有关的英文表达吧。
  
  Ching Ming Festival/Grave-Sweeping Day 清明节
  
  Cold Food Festival 寒食节
  
  day of sacrifice 祭祀节日
  
  offer sacrifices to ancestors 祭祖/上供
  
  online tomb-sweeping 网上祭扫
  
  Internet memorial 网络纪念馆
  
  condolence 哀悼之情
  
  hell note/joss paper 纸钱
  
  funeral supplies/products 殡葬用品
  
  funeral services 殡葬服务业
  
  mortician 殡仪业者
  
  burn incense 焚香
  
  tomb-sweeping 扫墓
  
  tomb sweeper 扫墓的人
  
  kite flying 放风筝
  
  spring outing 踏青
  
  god's lantern 神灯
  
  memorial tablet 纪念碑
  
  willow branches inserted on each gate 门旁插柳
  
  online funeral网上葬礼
  
  online tribute网上悼念
  
  cremation urn 骨灰盒
  
  mourning ceremony 哀悼仪式
  
  inhumation 土葬
  
  cremation 火葬
  
  sea-burial 海葬
  
  boat-coffin burial 船棺葬
  
  tree burial 树葬
  
  celestial burial 天葬
  
  flower burials花葬
  
  national mourning 全国哀悼
  
  national mourning day 全国哀悼日
  
  filial piety 孝顺 孝心
  
  Day of the Dead(亡灵节,墨西哥传统节日,人们通过守灵、上供等方式祭奠逝去的亲人。)

 

 

 

 

 

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