[日期:04-03] 来源:网络  作者:未知 [字体: ]


  1、Qing Ming Jie(All Souls' Day/Tomb-Sweeping Day/Pure Brightness Day)
  Qing Ming is a time to remember the dead and the dearly departed. More important, it is a period to honour and to pay respect to one's deceased ancestors and family members. Because it reinforces the ethic of filial piety, Qing Ming is a major Chinese festival.
  Literally meaning “clear” (Qing) and “bright” (Ming), this Chinese festival falls in early spring, on the 106th day after the winter solstice. It is a “spring” festival, and it is an occasion for the whole family to leave the home and to sweep the graves of their forebears. Chinese being practical people this sweeping of the graves is given an extended period, that is, 10 days before and after Qing Ming day. Among some dialect groups a whole month is allocated.
  清明节是一个纪念祖先的节日。主要的纪念仪式是扫墓,扫墓是慎终追远、郭亲睦邻及行孝的具体表现;基于上述意义,清明节因此成为华人的重要节日。 清明节是在仲春和暮春之交,也就是冬至后的106天。扫墓活动通常是在清明节的前十天或后十天。有些地域的人士的扫墓活动长达一个月。
  Qing Ming is popularly associated with Jie Zi Zhui, who lived in Shanxi province in 600 B.C. Legend has it that Jie saved his starving lord's life by serving a piece of his own leg. When the lord succeeded in becoming the ruler of a small principality, he invited his faithful follower to join him. However, Jie declined his invitation, preferring to lead a hermit's life with his mother in the mountains.
  Believing that he could force Jie out by burning the mountain, the lord ordered his men to set the forest on fire. To his consternation, Jie chose to remain where he was and was burnt to death. To commemorate Jie, the lord ordered all fires in every home to be put out on the anniversary of Jie's death. Thus began the “cold food feast”, a day when no food could be cooked since no fire could be lit.
  The “cold food” festival occurs on the eve of Qing Ming and is often considered as part of the Qing Ming festival. As time passes, the Qing Ming festival replaced the “cold food” festival. Whatever practice is observed,the basic observation of Qing Ming is to remember one's elders by making a special effort to visit their graves, ashes or ancestral tablets. To make the visit even more meaningful, some time should be spent to remind the younger members of the family of the lives and contributions of their ancestors, and the story of Jie Zi Zhui who choose death over capitulation.

  Ching Ming Festival/Grave-Sweeping Day 清明节
  Cold Food Festival 寒食节
  day of sacrifice 祭祀节日
  offer sacrifices to ancestors 祭祖/上供
  online tomb-sweeping 网上祭扫
  Internet memorial 网络纪念馆
  condolence 哀悼之情
  hell note/joss paper 纸钱
  funeral supplies/products 殡葬用品
  funeral services 殡葬服务业
  mortician 殡仪业者
  burn incense 焚香
  tomb-sweeping 扫墓
  tomb sweeper 扫墓的人
  kite flying 放风筝
  spring outing 踏青
  god's lantern 神灯
  memorial tablet 纪念碑
  willow branches inserted on each gate 门旁插柳
  online funeral网上葬礼
  online tribute网上悼念
  cremation urn 骨灰盒
  mourning ceremony 哀悼仪式
  inhumation 土葬
  cremation 火葬
  sea-burial 海葬
  boat-coffin burial 船棺葬
  tree burial 树葬
  celestial burial 天葬
  flower burials花葬
  national mourning 全国哀悼
  national mourning day 全国哀悼日
  filial piety 孝顺 孝心
  Day of the Dead(亡灵节,墨西哥传统节日,人们通过守灵、上供等方式祭奠逝去的亲人。)







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