首页 > 词汇语法 > 语法 > 正文
背景:
阅读英语

高中英语语法归纳讲解:表语从句,同位语从句

[日期:02-18] 来源:网络  作者:未知 [字体: ]

高中英语语法归纳讲解:表语从句,同位语从句


  语法讲解目录:
  
  一、名词性从句
  
  二、“It”用法及其句型和固定搭配讲解
  
  三、高中英语语法中的省略现象
  
  四、主谓一致
  
  五、动词不定式
  
  六、倒装结构
  
  七、定语从句
  
  八、被动语态
  
  九、祈使句
  
  十、感叹句
  
  十一、疑问句



  三。 表语从句


  
  表语从句在复合句中作表语的名词性从句,放在系动词之后,一般结构是“主语+连系动词+表语从句”。可以接表语从句的连系动词有be, look, remain, seem等。引导表语从句的that常可省略。另外,常用的还有the reason is that… 和It is because 等结构。例如:
  
  1) The question is whether we can make good preparation in such a short time.
  
  2) This is why we can't get the support of the people.
  
  3) But the fact remains that we are behind the other classes.
  
  4) The reason he is late for school is that he missed the early bus.
  


  四。 同位语从句
  


  同位语从句就是在复合句中作名词的同位语的名词性从句。
  
  1. 同位语从句的功能
  
  同位语从句对于名词进一步解释,说明名词的具体内容,一般由that引导,例如:
  
  1) The king's decision that the prisoner would be set free surprised all the people.
  
  2) The order that all the soldiers should stay still is given by the general.
  
  2. 同位语在句子中的位置
  
  同位语从句有时可以不紧跟在它所说明的名词后面,而是被别的词隔开。例如:
  
  He got the news from Mary that the sports meeting was put off.
  
  3. 同位语从句与定语从句的区别
  
  (1) 定语从句中的that既代替先行词,同时以在从句中作某个成分(主语或宾语),而同位语从句中的that是连词,只起连接主句与从句的作用,不充当句中任何成分。
  
  (2) 定语从句是形容词性的,其功能是修饰先行词,对先行词加以限定,描述定的性质或特征;同位语从句是名词性的,其功能是对名词进行补充说明。例如:
  
  1) The news that he told me is that Tom would go abroad next year.(他告诉我的消息是汤姆明年将出国。)(第一个that引导的从句是定语从句,that在从句中作宾语)
  
  2)The news that Tom would go abroad is told by him.(汤姆将出国的消息是他讲的。)(同位语从句,that在句中不作任何成分)
  
  高一英语名词性从句专项练习
  
  1.____he does has nothing to do with me.
  
  A. whatever  B. No matter what  C. That  D. If
  
  2.  The manager came over and asked the customer how____
  
  A. did the quarrel came about    B .the quarrel had come about
  
  C. had the quarrel come about    D. had the quarrel come about
  
  3.  Energy is ____makes thing work
  
  A. what B. something C. anything  D. that
  
  4.  Information has been put  forward ____ more middle school graduates will be admitted into universities.
  
  A. while B. that C. when D. as
  
  5.  This is ___the Shenzhou V Spaceship landed.
  
  A. there  B. in which  C. where  D. when
  
  6.  They have no idea at all____.
  
  A. where he has gone        B. where did he go
  
  C. which place has he gone  D. where has he gone
  
  7.  The doctor did a lot to reduce the patient's fear ____he would die of the disease.
  
  A.  that  B.  which  C. of which  D.  of that
  
  8.  The order came ___the soldiers ____the small village the next morning.
  
  A.  that ;had to leave  B.  that; should leave
  
  C.  /; must leave      D.  when; should leave
  
  9.  ___is no possibility ____Bob can win the first prize in the match.
  
  A. There; that  B. It; that  C. there; whether  D. It; whether
  
  10. The question came up at the meeting_____ we had enough money for our research.
  
  A. that  B. which  C. whether  D. if
  
  11. Is _____he said really true?
  
  A. that  B.  what  C. why  D. whether
  
  12.____the meeting should last two days or three days doesn't matter.
  
  A. That  B. Whether  C. If  D. Where
  
  13. It worried her a bit _____her hair was turning gray.
  
  A. while  B. if    C. that  D. for
  
  14. ???_____more countries can use natural energy in the future remains to be seen.
  
  A. Whether  B. This  C. who  D. If
  
  15.____he will go to work in a mountain village surprises all of us.
  
  A. What  B. That  C. Whether  D. If
  
  16. ____you don't like him is none of my business.
  
  A. What  B. That    C. Who    D. How
  
  17.____all the inventions have in common is ____they have succeeded.
  
  A. What; what  B. That; that  C. what; that  D. That ; what
  
  18. ____appeared to me that he enjoyed the food very much.
  
  A. What      B. It        C. All that    D. That
  
  19. It is widely ______that smoking can cause cancer.
  
  A. believed  B.  think    C. say        D. hoped
  
  20. ____caused the accident is still a complete mystery.
  
  A. What    B. That    C. How    D. Where
  
  Keys:
  
  1-5 ABABC  6-10 AABAC  11-15 BBCAB  16-20 BCBAA

 

 

 

 

 

内容相关:

收藏 推荐 打印 | 录入:Zoe913 | 阅读:0 次
英语评论请尽量用-纯英文-来评论吧!
表情: 姓名: 字数
点评:
英文歌曲
推荐英语学习