2012年6月大学英语四级考试真题与答案完整版 Part I Writing
On Excessive Packaging
Nowadays the phenomena of over-packaging of goods are prevailing in our
society: clothes swathed in tissue paper, placed in cardboard box and finally wrapped
in well-designed plastic bags, imported bottles of wine packed in wooden boxes, fruits
put in hand-woven baskets, just to name a few.
There are several reasons of this over-packaging. The first is that a large number
of companies believe that they can attract customers’ attention and stimulate their
purchasing desire by over-packaging their goods, thus gaining more profits. On the
other hand, quite a number of consumers mistakenly hold that the more delicate the
package is, the better the quality will be, thus encouraging excessive packaging.
From my perspective, excessive packaging has its consequences, including the loss of
precious resources as well as extra workforce on garbage disposal.
To solve the problem, it’s necessary to take the following measures. First, laws
and regulations must be made to restrict excessive packaging. In addition, we need to
advocate clear packaging and raise consumer’s awareness that excessive packaging
doesn’t equal to high quality.
本文条理清晰，论述充分，语言使用规范得当，如：to name but a few，the first reason is
that… ，on the other hand ，in my point of view ，to solve the problem，first ，in addition
Part II 快速阅读
1. D) providing good education for baby boomers.
2. D) Students’ performance declined.
3. D) They are mostly small in size.
4. D) Some large schools have split up into smaller ones.
5. C) their college-level test participation.
6. B) Their school performance was getting worse.
7. A) maintain closer relationships with their teachers.
9. different measures
10. tough subjects
Part III Listening Comprehension
Part III Listening Comprehension
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long
conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked
about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only
once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the
four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then
mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
M: As you can see from the drawings, the kitchen has one door into the dining room,
another into the family room and a third to the outside.
W: The door into the family room isn’t big enough. Could it be made wider?
Q: What are the speakers doing?
【答案】D) Discussing a housing plan.
并讨论希望family room 能够再大点。
M: I’m thinking about where to go for a bite tonight. Any suggestions, Barbara?
W: Well, how about the French restaurant near the KFC? Frankly, I’ve had enough of
our canteen food.
Q: What do we learn about the woman?
【答案】D) She is tired of the food in the canteen.
W: Hey, if you can’t enjoy the music at a sensible volume, why not use earphones?
I’m preparing for the speech contest.
M: Oh, sorry. I didn’t realize I’ve being bothering you all this time.
Q: What is the man probably doing?
【答案】C) Listening to some loud music.
【解析】此题为较为简单的推理题。从 volume ，earphone ，bother 等关键词可知该男子听音
M: Finally, I’ve got the chance to put on my new suit tonight. I hope to make a good
impression on your family.
W: Come on! It’s only a family reunion. So jeans and T-shirts are just fine.
Q: What does the woman mean?
【答案】C) The man can dress casually for the occasion.
聚会，穿牛仔裤和 T 恤就行，即穿着随意即可。
M: Would you like to see those pants in brown and navy blue? These two colors are
coming in this season.
W: Oh, actually grey is my favourite color, but I prefer something made from cotton,
100% cotton I mean.
Q: What is the woman looking for?
【答案】B) Grey pants made from pure cotton.
【解析】此题为细节题。从关键词 pants，grey ，100% cotton可知，女子想要的是灰色纯棉的短裤。
W: From here, the mountains look as if you could just reach out and touch them.
M: That’s why I chose this lodge. It has one of the best views in Switzerland.
Q: What is the man’s chief consideration in choosing the lodge?
【答案】C) Its location.
M: What do I have to do to apply for a passport?
W: You need proof of citizenship, either an old passport or a birth certificate and three
photographs. Then you must complete this form and pay a fee.
Q: What is the man most probably going to do?
【答案】C) Travel overseas.
M: Miss, can I interest you in a pork special with serving tonight? It’s only 799, half
the usual price and it’s very tasty.
W: Oh really? I will try it.
Q: What does the man say about the dish?
【答案】A) It is a good bargain.
题，其中，信息细节题考查最多，例：短对话的 1、5、6、8 均为信息细节题。需要同学在
餐厅、旅游、职业内容的询问以外，还加入了如第 1 题的装修、第 14 题的家庭聚会、第 16
Part III Listening Comprehension
W：Good evening, and welcome to this week’s business world, the program for and
about business people. Tonight we have Mr. Steven Kayne, who has just taken over
and established bicycle shop. Tell us, Mr. Kayne, what made you want to run your
M: Well, I always loved racing bikes and fixing them. When I was working full-time
as a salesman for a big company, I seldom had time to enjoy my hobby. I knew then
that as soon as I had enough money to get my own business going, I’ll do it. I had my
heart set on it and I didn’t let anything stand in my way. When I went down to the
bank and got a business loan, I knew I’d love being my own boss. Now my time is my
own. I open the store when I want and leave when I want.
W: You mean you don’t keep regular hours?
M: Well, the sign on my store says the hours are ten to six, but if business is slower
than usual, I can just lock up and take off early.
W: Have you hired any employees to work with you yet?
M: Yeah, a couple of friends of mine who love biking as much as I do. They help me
out a few days a week. It’s great because we play cards or just sit around and talk
when there are no customers.
W: Thank you, Mr. Kayne. We wish you success in your new business.
Question 19-22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
19.What is the woman doing?
20.What did Mr. Kayne do before he took over the bicycle shop?
21.Why did the man take over a bicycle shop?
22.What do we learn about the people working in the shop?
店里的营业时间与方式等。考生在听的过程中，需要理解这些短语的意思，如 have one’s
heart on it，意思是“决心，一定要”，stand in the way，意思是“阻碍，挡道”。一般
W: Well, the main activities in the region were historically steel and paper processing,
M: Yes, but I’m not quite sure about the status of those industries now. Could you tell
us something about that?
W: Yes, of course. In fact, they are less significant, but steel-related manufacturing
still accounts for 44% of industrial activity. So it’s still very important. In fact, 80% of
Spain’s machine tools are from the Basque Country. As for paper processing, there’s
still a little. But it’s no longer what it once was in the region. So, is that clear?
M: Yes, thanks.
W: Now, to get back to what I was saying, there’s a lot of unemployment as well as
geographical problems in the region.
M: Sorry, Victoria. What do you mean by geographical problems?
W: Well, what I mean is the area is very hilly, mountainous in parts. So there used to
be transport problems, now though there are new train links and better roads, but it
may be that some smaller towns inland remain not very well connected, is that OK?
Does that make sense? When we talk about specific location suggestions for the
factory, we’ll see this in more detail, so we’ll come back to this question, OK?
M: OK, right.
W: So I was about to say something about the work force in the region and the level
of training and education. In general, it’s very good and improving.
Question 23-25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
23. What does the woman say about the steel-related manufacturing in the region?
24. What problems hinder the region’s development?
25. What will the speakers discuss later?
Part III Listening Comprehension
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage,
you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only
once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four
choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer
Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
I first met Joe Gumps when we were both 9 years old, which is probably the only
reason he is one of my best friends. If I had first met Joe as a freshman in high school,
we wouldn’t even have had the chance to get to know each other. Joe is a day student,
but I am a boarding student. We haven’t been in the same classes, sports or extra
curriculum activities. Nonetheless, I spend nearly every weekend at his house, and we
talk on the phone every night. This is not to say that we would not have been
compatible if we had first met in our freshman year. Rather, we would not have been
likely to spend enough time getting to know each other, due to the lack of
immediately visible mutual interests.
In fact, to be honest, I struggle even now to think of things we have in common,
but maybe that’s what makes us enjoy each other’s company so much. When I look at
my friendship with Joe, I wonder how many people I’ve known whom I never
disliked but simply didn’t take the time to get to know. Thanks to Joe, I have realized
how little basis there is, for the social divisions that exist in every community. Since
this realization, I have begun to make an even more determined effort to find friends
in unexpected people and places.
26. Why does the speaker say Joe Gumps become one of his best friends?
27. Where does the speaker spend most of his weekends?
28. What has the speaker learned from his friendship with Joe?
Q26: B. They had known each other since childhood
Q27: B. At Joe’s house
Q28: A. Social divisions will break down if people get to know each other.
点评：本篇短文主要讲述了作者和好朋友 Joe 之前的友谊。他们二人在 9 岁的时候就认识
student ：走读学生；boarding student ：寄宿学生；curriculum：课程；mutual：相互的；nevertheless ：
然而； thanks to：多亏了….。理解了这些词，对听力的整体理解会有提升。
It was a bad night for Louis. His research in the neighboring town had taken
longer than he expected. It was late and he was very tired when he drove home. He
turned into his building’s parking lot, but all the spaces were full. He drove back out
onto the street looking for a parking space. The first block was full. The next block
was almost empty. Louis didn’t see a no-parking sign, but he suspected that if parking
were allowed there, most of the spaces would be filled. Then he saw a small parking
lot with two free spaces. He was so glad to see them that he didn’t even think to read
the sign by the entrance. He drove in, parked, and hurried home to go to bed. The next
morning he went back to the lot to get his car. It was gone. He ran home and
telephoned the city police to say that his car had been stolen. It took the police only a
minute to tell him what had happened. His car had been on a private lot. It had been
taken away by the police. Louis had to take a taxi to the city garage far from the
center of town. He had to pay a fee of $40 to get his car back. In addition, he got a
parking ticket --- his first one ever in Greenville.
29. Where did Louis intend to park his car when he came back from work one night?
30. What did Louis think had happened to his car the next morning?
31. Where did Louis finally get his car back?
Q29: A. In his building’s parking lot
Q30: A. It had been stolen by someone
Q31: B. In the city garage
Well, to pick up where we left off last time, I believe we agreed the creativity is a
mysterious idea. It's one of those things we all recognized when we see it. But we
don't really understand what it is. We seem to feel that some people are naturally
creative, but we don't know how they got that way. Is creativity a natural gift like
good looks? Or is it something that can be acquired like knowledge? Perhaps if we
analyze the creative process carefully, we might get some insight into what it is and
how it might work in our lives. The creative process has always been accepted as a
source of all important work in the arts. But we should not think the creativity play
the role only in the arts. Every major scientific discovery began with someone
imagining the world to look differently from the way others saw it. And this is what
the creativity is all about. Imagining the world in a new way, and despite what you
may believe about the limits of your own creative imaginations, we all have the
potential to imagine the world in an absolute new way.
In fact, you were born with it. It is your birth right as a human being. And what's more,
you use it every day almost every moment of your life. Your creative imagination is
what you use to make sense of your experiences. It's your creative mind to get the
meaning from the chaos of your experiences and brings order to your world.
32: What did the speaker most probably discuss last time?
33: What is a widely accepted idea about the creative process?
34: What leads to major scientific discoveries according to the speaker?
35: What does the speaker imply about the creative process?
Q32: D. The mysteriousness of creativity
Q33: A. It is the source of all artistic work
Q34: D. Creative imagination
Q35: A. It is part of everyday life
醒，这篇文章是接着前面的某个内容进行深入。pick up 在这里表示“重新开始”，第一句话
Students have been complaining more and more about stolen property. Radios,
cell phones, bicycles, pocket calculators and books have all been reported stolen. Are
there enough campus police to do the job? There are 20 offices in the campus security
division. Their job is to handle crime, accidents, lost and found items, and traffic
problems on campus. More than half of their time is spent directing traffic and writing
parking tickets. Responding promptly to accidents and other emergencies is important,
but it is their smallest job. Dealing with crime takes up the rest of their time. Very
rarely did any violent crimes actually occur.
In the last five years there have been no murders, seven robberies, and about
sixty other violent attacks, most of these involving fights at parties. On the other hand,
there have been hundreds of thefts and cases of deliberate damaging of public
property, which usually involves breaking windows or lights, or writing on walls. The
thefts are not the carefully planned burglaries that you see in movies. Things get
stolen when it is just easy to steal them because they are left lying around unwatched.
Do we really need more police？ Hiring more campus police would cost money,
possibly making our tuition go up again. A better way to solve this problem might be
for all of us to be more careful with our things.
44. there have been hundreds of thefts and cases of deliberate damaging of public property
45. Things get stolen when it is easy to steal them because they are left lying around unwatched
46. A better way to solve this problem might be for all of us to be more careful with our things
子听写的长度和停顿间隔仍与往年一致，即 18词左右，且每句间隔 1-2 句。所以，复合式
变化， emergency 的复数emergencies ； 难词的拼写calculator （计算器）、theft （盗窃）。
Part IV阅读Section A 选词填空
47. E. domestic
48. C. communities
49. O. survive
50. H. gather
51. M. serves
52. N. surroundings
53. J. recession
54. K. reported
55. I. households
56. F. financially
Part IV 深度阅读 Section B Passage One
IN times of economic crisis, Americans turn to their families for support. If the Great Depression
is any guide, we may see a drop in our sky-high divorce rate. But this won’t necessarily represent
an increase in happy marriages, nor is the trend likely to last. In the long run, the Depression
weakened American families, and the current crisis will probably do the same.
We tend to think of the Depression as a time when families pulled together to survive huge job
losses. The divorce rate, which had been rising slowly since the Civil War, suddenly dropped in
1930, the year after the Depression began. By 1932, when nearly one-quarter of the work force
was unemployed, it had declined by around 25 percent from 1929. But this does not mean that
people were suddenly happier with their marriages. Rather, with incomes plummeting and
insecure jobs, unhappy couples often couldn’t afford to divorce. They feared that neither spouse
would be able to manage alone.
Today, given the job losses of the past year, fewer unhappy couples will risk starting separate
households. Furthermore, the housing market meltdown will make it more difficult for them to
finance their separations by selling their homes.
After financial disasters family members also tend to do whatever they can to help each other and
their communities. In a 1940 book, “ The Unemployed Man and His Family,” the sociologist Mirra Komarovsky described a family in which the husband initially reacted to losing his job “with
tireless search for work.” He was always active, looking for odd jobs to do.
The problem is that such an impulse is hard to sustain. Across the country, many similar families
were unable to maintain the initial boost in morale. For some, the hardships of life without steady
work eventually overwhelmed their attempts to keep their families together. The divorce rate rose
again during the rest of the decade as the recovery took hold.
Millions of American families may now be in the initial stage of their responses to the current
crisis, working together and supporting one another through the early months of unemployment.
Today’s economic slump could well generate a similar backlog of couples whose relationships
have been irreparably ruined. So it is only when the economy is healthy again that we will begin
to see just how many fractured families have been created.
57. In the initial stage, the current economic crisis is likely to _______.
A. tear many troubled families apart
B. bring about a drop in the divorce rate
C. cause a lot of conflicts in the family
D. contribute to enduring family ties
58. In the Great Depression many unhappy couples chose to stick together because _______
A. starting a new family would be hard
B. they wanted to better protect their kids
C. living separately would be too costly
D. they expected things would turn better
59. In addition to job losses, what stands in the way of unhappy couples getting a divorce?
A. A sense of insecurity.
B. Mounting family debts.
C. Difficulty in getting a loan.
D. Falling housing prices.
60. What will the current economic crisis eventually do to married couples?
A. It will force them to pull their efforts together.
B. It will undermine their mutual understanding.
C. It will irreparably damage their relationship.
D. It will help strengthen their emotional bonds.
61. What can be inferred from the last paragraph?
A. A stable family is the best protection against poverty.
B. Money is the foundation of many a happy marriage.
C. Few couples can stand the test of economic hardships.
D. The economic recovery will see a higher divorce rate.
【点评】：这篇文章来源于2009 年5 月的《纽约时报》（原文地址：
），题目为 Married With Bankruptcy。这里有删减。文章分析了经济危机给夫妇带来的影响，
57. B. bring about a drop in the divorce rate
58. C. living separately would be too costly
59. D. Falling housing prices.
60. C. It will irreparably damage their relationship.
61. D. The economic recovery will see a higher divorce rate.
Part IV 阅读 Section B Passage 2
62. D) It profits by selling its user’s personal data.
63. C) They don’t know their personal data enriches Facebook.
64. C) To render better service to its users.
65. B) Formulating regulations for social-networking sites.
66. C) He doesn’t want his personal data abused.
Part V 完形填空
67. C avoid
68. B however
69. D failing
70. C stages
71. A on
72. A predicts
73. A through
74. B and
75. B sensitive
76. D experience
77. B as well as
78. C emotions
79. D to
80. A inevitable
81. D receive
82. A with
83. D quality
84. B positive
85. A memories
86. B increased
本篇完形填空选自Amherst College大学教授Catherine A. Sanderson所著的Social
Part VI 句子翻译
87. Those flowers looked as if they hadn't been watered for a long time( 好长时间没
【点评】they 即flowers 做主语，用被动语态。一段时间应用完成时，looked 过
88. Fred bought a car last week. It is £1,000 cheaper than mine( 比我的车便宜一千英
【点评】简单的比较级，cheaper than。不需要重复 car，直接用 mine 代替my car.
89. This TV program is quite boring. We might as well listen to the music ( 不妨听听
【点评】might as well“不妨”，原句中有might。listen to the music，听音乐。
90. He left his office in a hurry, with lights on and doors open( 灯亮着，门开着).
91.The famous novel is said to have been translated into multiple languages( 已经被译成多种语言).
【点评】be said to后面跟动词原型，“已经被译”，用完成时被动语态 have been
translated ，介词用into 。