[日期:07-09] 来源:沪江校网  作者:未知 [字体: ]




20126月大学英语四级考试真题与答案完整版 Part I Writing



On Excessive Packaging

  Nowadays  the  phenomena  of  over-packaging  of  goods  are  prevailing  in  our

society: clothes swathed in tissue paper, placed in cardboard box and finally wrapped

in well-designed plastic bags, imported bottles of wine packed in wooden boxes, fruits

put in hand-woven baskets, just to name a few.  

  There are several reasons of this over-packaging. The  first is that a large number

of  companies  believe  that  they  can  attract  customers’  attention  and  stimulate  their

purchasing  desire  by  over-packaging  their  goods,  thus  gaining  more  profits.  On  the

other  hand,  quite  a  number  of  consumers  mistakenly  hold  that  the  more  delicate  the

package is, the better the quality will be, thus encouraging excessive packaging.  

From my perspective, excessive packaging has its consequences, including the loss of

precious resources as well as extra workforce on garbage disposal.  

  To solve the problem, it’s necessary to take the following measures. First, laws

and regulations must be made to restrict excessive packaging. In addition, we need to

advocate clear packaging and raise consumer’s awareness that excessive packaging

doesn’t equal to high quality. 
















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本文条理清晰,论述充分,语言使用规范得当,如:to name but a fewthe first reason is

that… on the other hand in my point of view to solve the problemfirst in addition




Part II 快速阅读


1. D) providing good education for baby boomers.

2. D) Students’ performance declined.

3. D) They are mostly small in size.

4. D) Some large schools have split up into smaller ones.

5. C) their college-level test participation.

6. B) Their school performance was getting worse.

7. A) maintain closer relationships with their teachers.

8. Simplicity  

9. different measures  

10. tough subjects



Part III Listening Comprehension 



Part III Listening Comprehension

Section A


Directions:  In  this  section,  you  will  hear  8  short  conversations  and  2  long

conversations.  At the  end  of  each  conversation,  one  or  more  questions will  be  asked

about  what  was  said.  Both  the  conversation  and  the  questions  will  be  spoken  only

once. After each question there will  be a pause. During the pause,  you  must read the

four  choices  marked  A),  B),  C)  and  D),  and  decide  which  is  the  best  answer.  Then

mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.



M: As you can see from the drawings, the kitchen has one door into the dining room,

another into the family room and a third to the outside.

W: The door into the family room isn’t big enough. Could it be made wider?

Q: What are the speakers doing?

【答案】D) Discussing a housing plan.

【解析】此题为简单的推理题。从drawingkitchen 等关键词可知,两人正在看房间的图纸,

并讨论希望family room 能够再大点。




M: I’m thinking about where to go for a bite tonight. Any suggestions, Barbara?

W: Well, how about the French restaurant near the KFC? Frankly, I’ve had enough of

our canteen food.

Q: What do we learn about the woman?

【答案】D) She is tired of the food in the canteen.


女子回答去KFC 旁边的法国餐厅,因为她已经受够了食堂的食物。



W:  Hey,  if  you  can’t  enjoy  the  music  at  a  sensible  volume,  why  not  use  earphones?

I’m preparing for the speech contest.

M: Oh, sorry. I didn’t realize I’ve being bothering you all this time.

Q: What is the man probably doing?

【答案】C) Listening to some loud music.

【解析】此题为较为简单的推理题。从 volume earphone bother 等关键词可知该男子听音




M: Finally, I’ve got the chance to put on my new suit tonight. I hope to make a good

impression on your family.

W: Come on! It’s only a family reunion. So jeans and T-shirts are just fine.    

Q: What does the woman mean?

【答案】C) The man can dress casually for the occasion.


聚会,穿牛仔裤和 T 恤就行,即穿着随意即可。



M: Would  you  like to see those pants in  brown and  navy  blue? These two colors are

coming in this season.

W: Oh, actually grey is my favourite color, but I prefer something made from cotton,

100% cotton I mean.

Q: What is the woman looking for?

【答案】B) Grey pants made from pure cotton.

【解析】此题为细节题。从关键词 pantsgrey 100%  cotton可知,女子想要的是灰色纯棉的短裤。



W: From here, the mountains look as if you could just reach out and touch them.

M: That’s why I chose this lodge. It has one of the best views in Switzerland.

Q: What is the man’s chief consideration in choosing the lodge?

【答案】C) Its location.





M: What do I have to do to apply for a passport?

W: You need proof of citizenship, either an old passport or a birth certificate and three

photographs. Then you must complete this form and pay a fee.

Q: What is the man most probably going to do?

【答案】C) Travel overseas.





M: Miss, can I interest you in a pork special with serving tonight? It’s only 799, half

the usual price and it’s very tasty.

W: Oh really? I will try it.

Q: What does the man say about the dish?

【答案】A) It is a good bargain.






题,其中,信息细节题考查最多,例:短对话的 1568 均为信息细节题。需要同学在




餐厅、旅游、职业内容的询问以外,还加入了如第 1 题的装修、第 14 题的家庭聚会、第 16







Part III Listening Comprehension

Section A


Conversation 1

WGood evening, and welcome to this week’s business world, the program  for and

about  business  people.  Tonight  we  have  Mr.  Steven  Kayne,  who  has  just  taken  over

and  established  bicycle  shop.  Tell  us,  Mr.  Kayne,  what  made  you  want  to  run  your

own store?

M: Well, I always loved racing bikes and fixing them. When I was working full-time

as a salesman  for a big company, I seldom had time to enjoy  my  hobby. I knew then

that as soon as I had enough money to get my own business going, I’ll do it. I had my

heart  set  on  it  and  I  didn’t  let  anything  stand  in  my  way.  When  I  went  down  to  the

bank and got a business loan, I knew I’d love being my own boss. Now my time is my

own. I open the store when I want and leave when I want.

W: You mean you don’t keep regular hours?

M: Well,  the  sign  on  my  store  says the  hours  are ten to  six,  but  if  business  is slower

than usual, I can just lock up and take off early.  

W: Have you hired any employees to work with you yet?

M: Yeah, a couple of friends of mine who love biking as much as I do. They help me

out  a  few  days  a  week.  It’s  great  because  we  play  cards  or  just  sit  around  and  talk

when there are no customers.    

W: Thank you, Mr. Kayne. We wish you success in your new business.


Question 19-22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

19.What is the woman doing?

20.What did Mr. Kayne do before he took over the bicycle shop?

21.Why did the man take over a bicycle shop?

22.What do we learn about the people working in the shop?



19. D

20. A

21. B

22. A





店里的营业时间与方式等。考生在听的过程中,需要理解这些短语的意思,如 have one’s

heart on it,意思是决心,一定要stand in the way,意思是阻碍,挡道。一般


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Conversation 2  


W: Well, the main activities in the region were historically steel and paper processing,

I think.

M: Yes, but I’m not quite sure about the status of those industries now. Could you tell

us something about that?    

W:  Yes,  of  course.  In  fact,  they  are  less  significant,  but  steel-related  manufacturing

still accounts for 44% of industrial activity. So it’s still very important. In fact, 80% of

Spain’s  machine  tools are  from  the  Basque  Country.  As  for  paper  processing, there’s

still a little. But it’s no longer what it once was in the region. So, is that clear?

M: Yes, thanks.

W:  Now, to  get  back to  what  I  was  saying,  there’s a  lot of  unemployment  as  well  as

geographical problems in the region.  

M: Sorry, Victoria. What do you mean by geographical problems?

W: Well, what I mean is the area is very hilly, mountainous in parts. So there used to

be  transport  problems,  now  though  there  are  new  train  links  and  better  roads,  but  it

may  be  that  some  smaller  towns  inland  remain  not  very  well  connected,  is that  OK?

Does  that  make  sense?  When  we  talk  about  specific  location  suggestions  for  the

factory, we’ll see this in more detail, so we’ll come back to this question, OK?

M: OK, right.

W: So I was about to say something about the work force in the region and the  level

of training and education. In general, it’s very good and improving.


Question 23-25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

23. What does the woman say about the steel-related manufacturing in the region?

24. What problems hinder the region’s development?

25. What will the speakers discuss later?



23. B

24. C

25. C


















Part III Listening Comprehension

Section B


Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage,

you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only

once.  After  you  hear  a  question,  you  must  choose  the  best  answer  from  the  four

choices  marked  A),  B),  C)  and  D).  Then  mark  the  corresponding  letter  on  Answer

Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.


Passage One  

      I first met Joe Gumps when we were both 9 years old, which is probably the only

reason he is one of my best friends. If I had first met Joe as a freshman in high school,

we wouldn’t even have had the chance to get to know each other. Joe is a day student,

but  I  am  a  boarding  student.  We  haven’t  been  in  the  same  classes,  sports  or  extra

curriculum activities. Nonetheless, I spend nearly every weekend at his house, and we

talk  on  the  phone  every  night.  This  is  not  to  say  that  we  would  not  have  been

compatible if we had first met in our freshman year. Rather, we would not have been

likely  to  spend  enough  time  getting  to  know  each  other,  due  to  the  lack  of

immediately visible mutual interests.  

      In  fact, to be honest, I struggle even  now to think of things we  have  in common,

but maybe that’s what makes us enjoy each other’s company so much. When I look at

my  friendship  with  Joe,  I  wonder  how  many  people  I’ve  known  whom  I  never

disliked but simply didn’t take the time to get to know. Thanks to Joe, I have realized

how  little  basis there  is,  for the social divisions that exist in every community. Since

this realization, I have  begun to make an even  more determined effort to find  friends

in unexpected people and places.  




26. Why does the speaker say Joe Gumps become one of his best friends?

27. Where does the speaker spend most of his weekends?  

28. What has the speaker learned from his friendship with Joe?



Q26: B. They had known each other since childhood

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Q27: B. At Joe’s house

Q28: A. Social divisions will break down if people get to know each other.


点评:本篇短文主要讲述了作者和好朋友 Joe 之前的友谊。他们二人在 9 岁的时候就认识






student :走读学生;boarding student :寄宿学生;curriculum:课程;mutual:相互的;nevertheless

然而;  thanks to:多亏了….。理解了这些词,对听力的整体理解会有提升。


Passage 2

  It  was  a  bad  night  for  Louis.  His  research  in  the  neighboring  town  had  taken

longer  than  he  expected.  It  was  late  and  he  was  very  tired  when  he  drove  home.  He

turned into his building’s parking  lot, but all the spaces were  full. He drove back out

onto  the  street  looking  for  a  parking  space.  The  first  block  was  full.  The  next  block

was almost empty. Louis didn’t see a no-parking sign, but he suspected that if parking

were allowed there, most of the spaces would be filled. Then  he saw a small parking

lot with two free spaces. He was so glad to see them that he didn’t even think to read

the sign by the entrance. He drove in, parked, and hurried home to go to bed. The next

morning  he  went  back  to  the  lot  to  get  his  car.  It  was  gone.  He  ran  home  and

telephoned the city police to say that his car had been stolen. It took the police only a

minute to tell  him what had  happened. His car  had been on a private  lot. It had been

taken  away  by  the  police.  Louis  had  to  take  a  taxi  to  the  city  garage  far  from  the

center  of  town.  He  had  to  pay  a  fee of  $40  to  get  his car  back.  In  addition,  he  got  a

parking ticket --- his first one ever in Greenville.


29. Where did Louis intend to park his car when he came back from work one night?

30. What did Louis think had happened to his car the next morning?

31. Where did Louis finally get his car back?


Q29: A. In his building’s parking lot

Q30: A. It had been stolen by someone

Q31: B. In the city garage









Passage 3

  Well, to pick up where we left off last time, I believe we agreed the creativity is a

mysterious  idea.  It's  one  of  those  things  we  all  recognized  when  we  see  it.  But  we

don't  really  understand  what  it  is.  We  seem  to  feel  that  some  people  are  naturally

creative,  but  we  don't  know  how  they  got  that  way.  Is  creativity  a  natural  gift  like

good  looks?  Or  is  it  something  that  can  be  acquired  like  knowledge?  Perhaps  if  we

analyze  the  creative  process carefully,  we  might get  some  insight  into  what  it  is and

how  it  might  work  in  our  lives.  The  creative  process  has  always  been  accepted  as  a

source  of  all  important  work  in  the  arts.  But  we  should  not  think  the  creativity  play

the  role  only  in  the  arts.  Every  major  scientific  discovery  began  with  someone

imagining  the  world  to  look  differently  from  the way  others  saw  it. And  this  is what

the  creativity  is  all  about.  Imagining  the  world  in  a  new  way,  and  despite  what  you

may  believe  about  the  limits  of  your  own  creative  imaginations,  we  all  have  the

potential to imagine the world in an absolute new way.    

In fact, you were born with it. It is your birth right as a human being. And what's more,

you  use  it  every  day  almost  every  moment  of  your  life.  Your  creative  imagination  is

what  you  use  to  make  sense  of  your  experiences.  It's  your  creative  mind  to  get  the

meaning from the chaos of your experiences and brings order to your world.


32: What did the speaker most probably discuss last time?

33: What is a widely accepted idea about the creative process?

34: What leads to major scientific discoveries according to the speaker?

35: What does the speaker imply about the creative process?



Q32: D. The mysteriousness of creativity

Q33: A. It is the source of all artistic work

Q34: D. Creative imagination

Q35: A. It is part of everyday life







醒,这篇文章是接着前面的某个内容进行深入。pick up 在这里表示重新开始,第一句话






Students  have  been  complaining  more  and  more  about  stolen  property.  Radios,

cell phones, bicycles, pocket calculators and books have all been reported stolen. Are

there enough campus police to do the job? There are 20 offices in the campus security

division.  Their  job  is  to  handle  crime,  accidents,  lost  and  found  items,  and  traffic

problems on campus. More than half of their time is spent directing traffic and writing

parking tickets. Responding promptly to accidents and other emergencies is important,

but  it  is  their  smallest  job.  Dealing  with  crime  takes  up  the  rest  of  their  time.  Very

rarely did any violent crimes actually occur.

In  the  last  five  years  there  have  been  no  murders,  seven  robberies,  and  about

sixty other violent attacks, most of these involving fights at parties. On the other hand,

there  have  been  hundreds  of  thefts  and  cases  of  deliberate  damaging  of  public

property, which usually involves breaking windows or lights, or writing on walls. The

thefts  are  not  the  carefully  planned  burglaries  that  you  see  in  movies.  Things  get

stolen when it is just easy to steal them because they are left lying around unwatched.

Do  we  really  need  more  police  Hiring  more  campus  police  would  cost  money,

possibly making our tuition go up again. A better way to solve this problem might be

for all of us to be more careful with our things.  



36. calculators  

37. handle  

38. items  

39. Responding

40. emergencies  

41. rarely

42. occur  

43. murders  

44. there have been hundreds of thefts and cases of deliberate damaging of public property  

45. Things get stolen when it is easy to steal them because they are left lying around unwatched  

46. A better way to solve this problem might be for all of us to be more careful with our things  





子听写的长度和停顿间隔仍与往年一致,即 18词左右,且每句间隔 1-2 句。所以,复合式


变化,  emergency 的复数emergencies   难词的拼写calculator (计算器)、theft (盗窃)。





Part IV阅读Section A 选词填空


47. E. domestic  

48. C. communities

49. O. survive

50. H. gather

51. M. serves

52. N. surroundings

53. J. recession

54. K. reported

55. I. households

56. F. financially


这篇文章选自 Time杂志,讲述的是美国采取了一系列的食品援助行动为低收入者提供






Part IV 深度阅读 Section B Passage One


Question 57-61


IN times of economic crisis, Americans turn to their families for support. If the Great Depression

is any guide, we may see a drop in our sky-high divorce rate. But this won’t necessarily represent

an  increase  in  happy  marriages,  nor  is  the  trend  likely  to  last.  In  the  long  run,  the  Depression

weakened American families, and the current crisis will probably do the same.


We  tend  to  think  of  the  Depression  as  a  time  when  families  pulled  together  to  survive  huge  job

losses.  The  divorce  rate,  which  had  been  rising  slowly  since  the  Civil War,  suddenly  dropped  in

1930,  the  year  after  the  Depression  began.  By  1932,  when  nearly  one-quarter  of  the  work  force

was  unemployed,  it  had  declined  by  around  25  percent  from  1929.  But  this  does  not  mean  that

people  were  suddenly  happier  with  their  marriages.  Rather,  with  incomes  plummeting  and

insecure  jobs,  unhappy  couples  often  couldn’t  afford  to  divorce.  They  feared  that  neither  spouse

would be able to manage alone.  


Today,  given  the  job  losses  of  the  past  year,  fewer  unhappy  couples  will  risk  starting  separate

households.  Furthermore,  the  housing  market  meltdown  will  make  it  more  difficult  for  them  to

finance their separations by selling their homes.   


After financial disasters family members also tend to do whatever they can to help each other and

their communities. In a 1940 book, “ The Unemployed Man and His Family,” the sociologist Mirra Komarovsky  described  a  family  in  which  the  husband  initially  reacted  to  losing  his  job  “with

tireless search for work.” He was always active, looking for odd jobs to do.  


The problem is that such an impulse is hard to sustain. Across the country, many similar families

were unable to maintain the initial boost in morale. For some, the hardships of life without steady

work eventually overwhelmed their attempts to keep their families together. The divorce rate rose

again during the rest of the decade as the recovery took hold.  


Millions  of  American  families  may  now  be  in  the  initial  stage  of  their  responses  to  the  current

crisis, working together and supporting one another through the early months of unemployment.  


Today’s  economic  slump  could  well  generate  a  similar  backlog  of  couples  whose  relationships

have been irreparably ruined. So it is only when the economy is healthy again that we will begin

to see just how many fractured families have been created.


57. In the initial stage, the current economic crisis is likely to _______.

A. tear many troubled families apart

B. bring about a drop in the divorce rate

C. cause a lot of conflicts in the family

D. contribute to enduring family ties


58. In the Great Depression many unhappy couples chose to stick together because _______

A. starting a new family would be hard

B. they wanted to better protect their kids

C. living separately would be too costly

D. they expected things would turn better


59. In addition to job losses, what stands in the way of unhappy couples getting a divorce?

A. A sense of insecurity.  

B. Mounting family debts.

C. Difficulty in getting a loan.

D. Falling housing prices.


60. What will the current economic crisis  eventually do to married couples?

A. It will force them to pull their efforts together.

B. It will undermine their mutual understanding.  

C. It will irreparably damage their relationship.

D. It will help strengthen their emotional bonds.


61. What can be inferred from the last paragraph?

A. A stable family is the best protection against poverty.

B. Money is the foundation of many a happy marriage.

C. Few couples can stand the test of economic hardships.

D. The economic recovery will see a higher divorce rate.


【点评】:这篇文章来源于2009 5 月的《纽约时报》(原文地址:


),题目为 Married With Bankruptcy。这里有删减。文章分析了经济危机给夫妇带来的影响,






57. B. bring about a drop in the divorce rate

58. C. living separately would be too costly

59. D. Falling housing prices.

60. C. It will irreparably damage their relationship.

61. D. The economic recovery will see a higher divorce rate.



Part IV 阅读 Section B Passage 2


62. D) It profits by selling its user’s personal data.

63. C) They don’t know their personal data enriches Facebook.

64. C) To render better service to its users.

65. B) Formulating regulations for social-networking sites.

66. C) He doesn’t want his personal data abused.



文章的主题围绕当下很受欢迎的社交网站Facebook ,揭露其将用户资料出售给广告商。而




Part V 完形填空

67. C avoid

68. B however

69. D failing

70. C stages

71. A on

72. A predicts

73. A through

74. B and

75. B sensitive

76. D experience

77. B as well as  

78. C emotions  

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79. D to

80. A inevitable  

81. D receive  

82. A with

83. D quality  

84. B positive  

85. A memories  

86. B increased


本篇完形填空选自Amherst  College大学教授Catherine  A.  Sanderson所著的Social

Psychology 一书。主要阐述了如何处理婚姻中夫妇间的关系,比起将矛盾置于最后而爆发,












Part VI 句子翻译


87. Those flowers looked as  if they  hadn't been watered for a long time( 好长时间没


【点评】they flowers 做主语,用被动语态。一段时间应用完成时,looked


88. Fred bought a car last week. It is £1,000 cheaper than mine( 比我的车便宜一千英


【点评】简单的比较级,cheaper than。不需要重复 car,直接用 mine 代替my car.

89. This TV program is quite boring. We might as well listen to the music ( 不妨听听


【点评】might as well“不妨,原句中有mightlisten to the music,听音乐。

90. He left his office in a hurry, with lights on and doors open( 灯亮着,门开着).

【点评】with 短语做伴随状语,逻辑主语和表语之间的系动词省略。

91.The  famous  novel  is  said  to  have  been  translated  into  multiple  languages( 已经被译成多种语言).

【点评】be  said  to后面跟动词原型,已经被译,用完成时被动语态 have  been

translated ,介词用into












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