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远离牙医 教你怎么在家美白牙齿

[日期:09-11] 来源:大耳朵英语  作者: [字体: ]

  A healthy smile can boost your confidence. Unfortunately, lifestyle choices such as what we choose to eat and drink, and how we look after our teeth can, over time, create a smile we are less than happy with. Our teeth naturally age, the enamel gets thinner, and the dentine layer underneath gets darker, which all adds to the teeth being less white than would be liked and can make us look older than we are. A visit to a specialist can help restore the whiteness but at a price. Fortunately there are ways to maintain and restore the brightness of your smile at home, without visiting the dentist.
  笑容能让自己感觉良好,也能增强自信。但是,平常我们生活中吃的、喝的东西慢慢地就会在牙齿上留下牙渍,常常使我们不能开怀大笑,应该怎么保护牙齿呢。牙齿的使用寿命,牙釉质的脱落,牙齿根部的变黑,这些都会让牙齿看起来没有那么洁白,还会让我们看上去变老。牙医可以帮我们美白牙齿,但是价格很贵。幸运的是,这里列举了几种不上医院,自己在家就可修复、美白牙齿的方法。
  Brushing and flossing 使用牙刷和牙线
  Keep teeth brushed and flossed clean to prevent staining and tooth decay which both contribute to discoloration. Always wait for 30 minutes to an hour after eating before brushing teeth. The acids in food soften the enamel, which takes a while to recover. Brushing too soon after eating will be too abrasive on the softened enamel and will cause damage, as well as creating a surface more easily stained.
  使用牙刷和牙线清洁牙齿可以防止牙齿变色和牙齿脱落,使用这两种方法都有助于防止牙渍。饭后半小时再刷牙。食物中的酸性物质会软化牙釉质,软化的牙釉质几分钟后才能恢复。饭后频繁的刷牙也会消磨,软化牙釉质,伤害到牙齿,这些地方也易形成牙渍。
  Rinse with water用清水漱口
  Rinse with water after eating to remove the sugars and acids that cause damage. Remnants of foods will break down in the mouth releasing the sugars and acids that cause damage and discoloration to teeth. Rinsing the mouth will physically remove these.
  吃完东西后用清水漱口可以清除掉损害的牙齿上糖类和酸性物质。牙齿上的残留物在口腔内会分解为糖和酸,腐蚀牙齿,形成牙渍。用清水漱口则可以清除这些残留物。
  Chew gum and avoid dehydration 咀嚼口香糖
  Chew gum to stimulate the production of saliva. The bodies natural defense, it helps reduce the levels of acid and harmful bacteria in the mouth. Drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated and prevent a dry mouth and lower amounts of saliva.
  咀嚼口香糖会分泌唾液。身体的这种自然防御系统也能够降低口腔的酸度,杀死口腔内的细菌。多喝水,保持口腔湿润,防止口腔变干,减少唾液分泌。
  Limit certain foods 少吃某些东西
  Avoid staining by limiting the amount of foods that are likely to cause stains, such as tomato sauce and balsamic vinegar. Tannins in tea and coffee, also found in red wine, stick to the tooth enamel, causing an unsightly staining that is harder to remove. Try limiting the amount you drink, and choose tea and coffee with milk rather than black, and drink white wine rather than red. Limit the amount of sugary drinks such as sodas, and using a straw when drinking them will help limit their damage to your teeth by bypassing them altogether. Eat more crunchy foods, such as raw carrots and celery, that will work at clearing away bits stuck to your teeth, effectively gently scraping your teeth as you eat them.
  少吃那些会让牙齿变色食物也可以减少牙渍的形成,比如番茄酱,香醋。茶、咖啡,红酒里的单宁会黏住牙釉质,形成的牙渍会很难清理干净。少喝这些东西,可以在茶和咖啡里加入牛奶,尽量少喝红茶,黑咖啡。喝酒也要喝白酒,少喝红酒。少喝含糖的饮料,比如苏打水。喝这类饮料的时候使用吸管,也能减少对牙齿的损害。多吃些松脆的食物可以有效地刮掉牙齿上的残留物,比如生的胡萝卜和芹菜,这类食物能清理掉牙齿上的残留物,轻轻地把牙齿清理干净。
  Eat dairy products 吃奶制品
  Dairy products are high in calcium which is essential for strong bones and teeth and helps prevent bone loss. The lactic acid in dairy products helps strengthen enamel and prevent decay, and the fat found in cheese helps prevent bacteria bonding to teeth.
  奶制品中钙含量很高,钙可以强健骨骼和牙齿,防止骨质流失。奶制品中的乳酸可以增强牙釉质,防止牙齿腐蚀。奶酪中的脂肪还可以防止细菌附着在牙齿上。
  Stop smoking 不要吸烟
  Smoking not only stains the teeth, it affects the immune system and causes gum disease which can lead to bone and tooth loss. Whitening teeth will be counterproductive if smoking is continued and should be considered a vital first step in better oral health and a healthier smile.
  吸烟不仅能熏黄牙齿,还会影响免疫系统,引起牙齿、骨质疏松的牙龈疾病。吸烟会对美白牙齿起反作用,找回健康笑容,美白牙齿至关重要的一步就是不再吸烟。
  Strawberries and apples 草莓和苹果
  Strawberries contain malic acid which has been shown to prevent and remove stains. There are various ways of using strawberries, such as slicing and rubbing on your teeth or crushing them up and adding to baking soda to form a paste. Apples also contain malic acid and act as a gentle abrasive when eaten. As both contain fruit acids, that can soften enamel and cause decay, it’s important to rinse with water after using, and limit the use of baking soda as in the instructions below.
  经研究证明,草莓里所含的苹果酸可以防止和消除牙渍。这里罗列了几种用草莓去除牙渍的方法,像是将草莓切成片,或是捣碎后加些小苏打制成糊状敷在牙齿上。当然苹果中也含有苹果酸,我们在吃苹果的时候它就会轻轻地打磨我们的牙齿。这两种水果里都含有苹果酸,苹果酸会软化牙釉质,腐蚀牙齿,所以用完以后一定要用清水漱口,同时制作这种糊状物的时候也要少用些小苏打。
  Baking soda 小苏打
  Baking soda cleans as well as whitens, but is abrasive, so use it infrequently (just once or twice a month)。 To use baking soda as a teeth cleaner and whitener, mix a small amount with water into a paste consistency and use in the same way as regular toothpaste. This method had been used for centuries, since way before regular toothpaste became commercially available. Some brands promote it as an active ingredient in their paste. Alternatively, sprinkle a small amount straight onto a wet toothbrush or onto your regular toothpaste to improve its whitening qualities.
  用小苏打清洁牙齿也能美白牙齿,但是小苏打消磨牙齿,不宜太频繁地使用(一般一个月只用一两次),用小苏打制作牙齿清洁剂和美白剂,是用少量的水和与水等量的小苏打混合制成糊状。在牙膏成为商品以前,这种方法就已经沿用了好几个世纪了。某些牙膏品牌还把它当成是一种活性成分来做促销。同样的,少量的加在平常使用的牙膏上也能增强牙齿的美白效果哦。
  Hydrogen Peroxide 过氧化氢
  A useful disinfectant with antiseptic qualities and the ability to bleach teeth, hydrogen peroxide is used in many commercial toothpaste brands as well as in mouthwash, and is an effective way to whiten teeth. The best way to apply this method is to use a whitening kit. These can be bought inexpensively and use either a brush or tray to apply the solution to the teeth, lifting the stain from the enamel. Hydrogen peroxide can be mixed with water in equal parts to create a whitening mouth wash. After spitting out, leaving for two minutes to allow the whitening properties to take affect before thoroughly rinsing mouth out with water.
  市场上出售的漱口水、牙膏中大多都含有过氧化氢,它能有效地美白牙齿。它价格便宜,最好是和一些美白牙齿的工具配合使用,像是刷子和牙托,可以刷掉牙齿上的污渍。把过氧化氢和水,等量的混合配制成漱口水,为了让漱口水中的美白成分起作用,将漱口水含在嘴里两分钟后再吐掉,然后用清水漱口。
  Oil pulling 油拔法
  This is an ancient ayurvedic remedy that involves swishing oil (sunflower and sesame are recommended) in the mouth, round and between teeth for twenty minutes before spitting out. The oil should have changed to a thin, white consistency. The oil attracts and removes bacteria and dissolve plaque and tartar, resulting in the teeth becoming healthier and whiter.
  这是一种很古老用油漱口的方法(建议用葵花油和芝麻油),把油含在嘴里,让油在牙齿之间使劲地来回转动,20分钟以后再吐掉,这样可以让牙齿很白。油可以溶解牙齿上的牙菌斑和牙结石,让牙齿变得又白又健康。
  If you have any concerns regarding any of the methods listed, speak to a oral health professional before trying.
  关于以上所列举的方法,如果有任何疑问,在试用之前一定要先咨询口腔专家。A healthy smile can boost your confidence. Unfortunately, lifestyle choices such as what we choose to eat and drink, and how we look after our teeth can, over time, create a smile we are less than happy with. Our teeth naturally age, the enamel gets thinner, and the dentine layer underneath gets darker, which all adds to the teeth being less white than would be liked and can make us look older than we are. A visit to a specialist can help restore the whiteness but at a price. Fortunately there are ways to maintain and restore the brightness of your smile at home, without visiting the dentist.
  笑容能让自己感觉良好,也能增强自信。但是,平常我们生活中吃的、喝的东西慢慢地就会在牙齿上留下牙渍,常常使我们不能开怀大笑,应该怎么保护牙齿呢。牙齿的使用寿命,牙釉质的脱落,牙齿根部的变黑,这些都会让牙齿看起来没有那么洁白,还会让我们看上去变老。牙医可以帮我们美白牙齿,但是价格很贵。幸运的是,这里列举了几种不上医院,自己在家就可修复、美白牙齿的方法。
  Brushing and flossing 使用牙刷和牙线
  Keep teeth brushed and flossed clean to prevent staining and tooth decay which both contribute to discoloration. Always wait for 30 minutes to an hour after eating before brushing teeth. The acids in food soften the enamel, which takes a while to recover. Brushing too soon after eating will be too abrasive on the softened enamel and will cause damage, as well as creating a surface more easily stained.
  使用牙刷和牙线清洁牙齿可以防止牙齿变色和牙齿脱落,使用这两种方法都有助于防止牙渍。饭后半小时再刷牙。食物中的酸性物质会软化牙釉质,软化的牙釉质几分钟后才能恢复。饭后频繁的刷牙也会消磨,软化牙釉质,伤害到牙齿,这些地方也易形成牙渍。
  Rinse with water用清水漱口
  Rinse with water after eating to remove the sugars and acids that cause damage. Remnants of foods will break down in the mouth releasing the sugars and acids that cause damage and discoloration to teeth. Rinsing the mouth will physically remove these.
  吃完东西后用清水漱口可以清除掉损害的牙齿上糖类和酸性物质。牙齿上的残留物在口腔内会分解为糖和酸,腐蚀牙齿,形成牙渍。用清水漱口则可以清除这些残留物。
  Chew gum and avoid dehydration 咀嚼口香糖
  Chew gum to stimulate the production of saliva. The bodies natural defense, it helps reduce the levels of acid and harmful bacteria in the mouth. Drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated and prevent a dry mouth and lower amounts of saliva.
  咀嚼口香糖会分泌唾液。身体的这种自然防御系统也能够降低口腔的酸度,杀死口腔内的细菌。多喝水,保持口腔湿润,防止口腔变干,减少唾液分泌。
  Limit certain foods 少吃某些东西
  Avoid staining by limiting the amount of foods that are likely to cause stains, such as tomato sauce and balsamic vinegar. Tannins in tea and coffee, also found in red wine, stick to the tooth enamel, causing an unsightly staining that is harder to remove. Try limiting the amount you drink, and choose tea and coffee with milk rather than black, and drink white wine rather than red. Limit the amount of sugary drinks such as sodas, and using a straw when drinking them will help limit their damage to your teeth by bypassing them altogether. Eat more crunchy foods, such as raw carrots and celery, that will work at clearing away bits stuck to your teeth, effectively gently scraping your teeth as you eat them.
  少吃那些会让牙齿变色食物也可以减少牙渍的形成,比如番茄酱,香醋。茶、咖啡,红酒里的单宁会黏住牙釉质,形成的牙渍会很难清理干净。少喝这些东西,可以在茶和咖啡里加入牛奶,尽量少喝红茶,黑咖啡。喝酒也要喝白酒,少喝红酒。少喝含糖的饮料,比如苏打水。喝这类饮料的时候使用吸管,也能减少对牙齿的损害。多吃些松脆的食物可以有效地刮掉牙齿上的残留物,比如生的胡萝卜和芹菜,这类食物能清理掉牙齿上的残留物,轻轻地把牙齿清理干净。
  Eat dairy products 吃奶制品
  Dairy products are high in calcium which is essential for strong bones and teeth and helps prevent bone loss. The lactic acid in dairy products helps strengthen enamel and prevent decay, and the fat found in cheese helps prevent bacteria bonding to teeth.
  奶制品中钙含量很高,钙可以强健骨骼和牙齿,防止骨质流失。奶制品中的乳酸可以增强牙釉质,防止牙齿腐蚀。奶酪中的脂肪还可以防止细菌附着在牙齿上。
  Stop smoking 不要吸烟
  Smoking not only stains the teeth, it affects the immune system and causes gum disease which can lead to bone and tooth loss. Whitening teeth will be counterproductive if smoking is continued and should be considered a vital first step in better oral health and a healthier smile.
  吸烟不仅能熏黄牙齿,还会影响免疫系统,引起牙齿、骨质疏松的牙龈疾病。吸烟会对美白牙齿起反作用,找回健康笑容,美白牙齿至关重要的一步就是不再吸烟。
  Strawberries and apples 草莓和苹果
  Strawberries contain malic acid which has been shown to prevent and remove stains. There are various ways of using strawberries, such as slicing and rubbing on your teeth or crushing them up and adding to baking soda to form a paste. Apples also contain malic acid and act as a gentle abrasive when eaten. As both contain fruit acids, that can soften enamel and cause decay, it’s important to rinse with water after using, and limit the use of baking soda as in the instructions below.
  经研究证明,草莓里所含的苹果酸可以防止和消除牙渍。这里罗列了几种用草莓去除牙渍的方法,像是将草莓切成片,或是捣碎后加些小苏打制成糊状敷在牙齿上。当然苹果中也含有苹果酸,我们在吃苹果的时候它就会轻轻地打磨我们的牙齿。这两种水果里都含有苹果酸,苹果酸会软化牙釉质,腐蚀牙齿,所以用完以后一定要用清水漱口,同时制作这种糊状物的时候也要少用些小苏打。
  Baking soda 小苏打
  Baking soda cleans as well as whitens, but is abrasive, so use it infrequently (just once or twice a month)。 To use baking soda as a teeth cleaner and whitener, mix a small amount with water into a paste consistency and use in the same way as regular toothpaste. This method had been used for centuries, since way before regular toothpaste became commercially available. Some brands promote it as an active ingredient in their paste. Alternatively, sprinkle a small amount straight onto a wet toothbrush or onto your regular toothpaste to improve its whitening qualities.
  用小苏打清洁牙齿也能美白牙齿,但是小苏打消磨牙齿,不宜太频繁地使用(一般一个月只用一两次),用小苏打制作牙齿清洁剂和美白剂,是用少量的水和与水等量的小苏打混合制成糊状。在牙膏成为商品以前,这种方法就已经沿用了好几个世纪了。某些牙膏品牌还把它当成是一种活性成分来做促销。同样的,少量的加在平常使用的牙膏上也能增强牙齿的美白效果哦。
  Hydrogen Peroxide 过氧化氢
  A useful disinfectant with antiseptic qualities and the ability to bleach teeth, hydrogen peroxide is used in many commercial toothpaste brands as well as in mouthwash, and is an effective way to whiten teeth. The best way to apply this method is to use a whitening kit. These can be bought inexpensively and use either a brush or tray to apply the solution to the teeth, lifting the stain from the enamel. Hydrogen peroxide can be mixed with water in equal parts to create a whitening mouth wash. After spitting out, leaving for two minutes to allow the whitening properties to take affect before thoroughly rinsing mouth out with water.
  市场上出售的漱口水、牙膏中大多都含有过氧化氢,它能有效地美白牙齿。它价格便宜,最好是和一些美白牙齿的工具配合使用,像是刷子和牙托,可以刷掉牙齿上的污渍。把过氧化氢和水,等量的混合配制成漱口水,为了让漱口水中的美白成分起作用,将漱口水含在嘴里两分钟后再吐掉,然后用清水漱口。
  Oil pulling 油拔法
  This is an ancient ayurvedic remedy that involves swishing oil (sunflower and sesame are recommended) in the mouth, round and between teeth for twenty minutes before spitting out. The oil should have changed to a thin, white consistency. The oil attracts and removes bacteria and dissolve plaque and tartar, resulting in the teeth becoming healthier and whiter.
  这是一种很古老用油漱口的方法(建议用葵花油和芝麻油),把油含在嘴里,让油在牙齿之间使劲地来回转动,20分钟以后再吐掉,这样可以让牙齿很白。油可以溶解牙齿上的牙菌斑和牙结石,让牙齿变得又白又健康。
  If you have any concerns regarding any of the methods listed, speak to a oral health professional before trying.
  关于以上所列举的方法,如果有任何疑问,在试用之前一定要先咨询口腔专家。

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