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世界卫生组织:红肉和加工肉属于致癌级别

[日期:12-02] 来源:  作者: [字体: ]

The World Health Organisation's cancer agency says processed meats can lead to colon and other cancers, and red meat is also a likely cause of the disease.Based on the evaluation, processed meat is classified as "carcinogenic to humans" - in the same category as tobacco, asbestos and diesel fumes- and red meat as "probably carcinogenic to humans."

 

世界卫生组织下属的国际癌症研究机构就食用红色肉类和加工肉制品的致癌性发表了一份最新评估。这份评估将食用红色肉类和加工肉类分别列为“较可能致癌”和“致癌”级别,与香烟、酒精、石棉及砒霜等同级。

世界卫生组织红肉和加工肉属于致癌级别.jpeg

 

"From the combined analysis of several studies there was about a 17 percent increase of cancers of the colorectum per portion of about 50 grams per day of processed meat. Now that increased risk is about similar for red meat - it's 1.17 per 100 grams - but again the evidence if it's really causally related is not as strong yet."

 

“从若干研究的综合分析来看,每天进食约50克加工肉类,患大肠癌的风险即增加17%。而红肉带来的类似风险是每100克增加1.17%,但这种致癌关系并不如食用加工肉类明显。”

What is Red meat?

 

什么是红肉?

Red meat includes beef, lamb and pork including minced beef, pork chops and roast lamb. It does not include chicken or turkey meat.

 

红肉指的是在烹饪前呈现岀红色的肉,如猪肉、牛肉、羊肉等所有哺乳动物的肉都是红肉,不包括禽类。

What is processed meat?

 

什么是加工肉制品?

Processed meat refers to meat that has been preserved by smoking, curing, salting or adding preservatives. Examples include ham, bacon, pastrami and salami, as well as hot dogs and some sausages. Hamburgers and minced meats only count as processed meat if they have been preserved with salt or chemical additives.

 

加工肉制品指指的是经调味等加工处理而制得的熟肉制成品或半成品,香肠、火腿、培根、都属于这一类。

Meat is a good source of protein, vitamins and minerals such as iron, zinc and B vitamins. It is one of the main sources of vitamin B12. Advice from the Department of Health is to consume healthier meat or meat products, such as lean cuts of meat and lean mince and cut down on processed meat.

 

肉类含有丰富的蛋白质,维生素和矿物质,能够为人体提供充足的铁,锌和维生素B, 是维生素B12最主要来源。卫生部门表示购买健康安全的肉和肉制品,可以自己将肉剁碎,少吃肉质加工品。

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