背景:
阅读英语

双语:品味真实的“简·奥斯汀”

[日期:08-02] 来源:沪江英语  作者:未知 [字体: ]

双语:品味真实的“简·奥斯汀





  简·奥斯汀简介
  
  奥斯汀终身未婚,家道小康。由于居住在乡村小镇,接触到的是中小地主、牧师等人物以及他们恬静、舒适的生活环境,因此她的作品里没有重大的社会矛盾。她以女性特有的细致入微的观察力,真实地描绘了她周围世界的小天地,尤其是绅士淑女间的婚姻和爱情风波。她的作品格调轻松诙谐,富有喜剧性冲突,深受读者欢迎。奥斯汀的小说出现在19世纪初叶,一扫风行一时的假浪漫主义潮流,继承和发展了英国18世纪优秀的现实主义传统,为19世纪现实主义小说的高潮做了准备。虽然其作品反映的广度和深度有限,但她的作品如“两寸牙雕”,从一个小窗口中窥视到整个社会形态和人情世故,对改变当时小说创作中的庸俗风气起了好的作用,在英国小说的发展史上有承上启下的意义,被誉为地位“可与莎士比亚平起平坐”的作家。
  
  Jane Austen (16 December 1775 – 18 July 1817) was an English novelist whose works of romantic fiction, set among the landed gentry, earned her a place as one of the most widely read writers in English literature. Her realism, biting irony and social commentary have gained her historical importance among scholars and critics。
  
  Austen lived her entire life as part of a close-knit family located on the lower fringes of the English landed gentry. She was educated primarily by her father and older brothers as well as through her own reading. The steadfast support of her family was critical to her development as a professional writer. Her artistic apprenticeship lasted from her teenage years into her thirties。
  
  During this period, she experimented with various literary forms, including the epistolary novel which she then abandoned, and wrote and extensively revised three major novels and began a fourth. From 1811 until 1816, with the release of Sense and Sensibility (1811), Pride and Prejudice (1813), Mansfield Park (1814) and Emma (1816), she achieved success as a published writer. She wrote two additional novels, Northanger Abbey and Persuasion, both published posthumously in 1818, and began a third, which was eventually titled Sanditon, but died before completing it。
  
  Austen's works critique the novels of sensibility of the second half of the 18th century and are part of the transition to 19th-century realism. Her plots, though fundamentally comic, highlight the dependence of women on marriage to secure social standing and economic security。


  
  代表作品
  
  简·奥斯汀一生一共有六部主要作品:
  
  1.《理智与情感》又名《理性与感性》(Sense and Sensibility, 1811)
  
  2.《傲慢与偏见》(Pride and Prejudice, 1813)
  
  3.《曼斯菲尔德庄园》(Mansfield Park, 1814)
  
  4.《爱玛》(Emma, 1815)
  
  5.《诺桑觉寺》(Northanger Abbey, 1818, 死后出版)
  
  6《劝导》(Persuasion, 1818, 死后出版)
  

 


  银幕上的简·奥斯汀
  
  简·奥斯汀(Jane Austen)是英国文学史上著名的女作家,她用独特和细腻笔触创作出感人至深的爱情故事,自己却终身未婚。影片《成为简·奥斯汀》将解开她的情路历程,而且这部电影的风格就如同那些根据奥斯汀小说改编的影片一样。
  
  成为简·奥斯汀 Becoming Jane 2007
  
  导演:朱里安·杰拉德
  
  主演:安妮·海瑟薇 詹姆斯·麦卡沃伊
  
  When twenty-year-old Jane Austen meets Tom Lefroy, a young man her own age, she's intrigued;he clearly sees she has talent, and is eager for her to learn more of the larger world. As Tom begins to court Jane, she finds herself increasingly attracted to this poor but keenly intelligent man, though she soon realizes her own ideas about love and marriage are sometimes at odds with the conventions of the society in which she lives。
  
  剧情:1796年,二十岁的简遇到了汤姆·勒弗罗伊。在当时的英国社会,为了爱情而结婚是一个愚蠢的游戏。奥斯汀夫妇,在把他们最小的女儿嫁出去的时候,对这一点非常清楚。只是简心意已决,精神上的独立自主和桀骜不逊,再加上年轻人的傲慢与偏见,她决定要为爱而婚。

 

 

 

 

 

 

内容相关:

收藏 推荐 打印 | 录入:Zoe913 | 阅读:0 次
相关文章
英语评论请尽量用-纯英文-来评论吧!
表情: 姓名: 字数
点评:
英文歌曲
推荐英语学习