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形容词难点易混点讲解(下)

[日期:03-23] 来源:网络  作者:未知 [字体: ]


形容词难点易混点讲解(下)

 

  14. 特殊用法 :
  
  比较级 +and+ 比较级
  
  (越来越…) When spring comes, it gets warmer and warmer.
  
  She is making greater and greater progress.


  
  the + 比较级 ,the+ 比较级
  
  (越… , 越…) The richer a country is, the better the people ’ s life will be.
  
  国家越富 , 人民的生活就越好 .
  
  all the+ 比较级
  
  (格外… , 越发…) The teacher feels all the happier for his diligence.
  
  老师因他的勤奋而感到格外高兴 .
  
  none the+ 比较级
  
  (毫不 , 一点也不) She looks none the better for her holiday.
  
  她度假后看上去身体一点也没有好转 .
  
  no more than=only (仅仅)
  
  not more than=at most
  
  (最多 , 不多于) His grandpa ’ s whole school education added up to no more than two years.
  
  他的祖父所受的全部教育加起来不过才两年 .
  
  There are not more than thirty people in the hall. 大厅里最多 30 人 .
  
  no more … than (和…一样不…)
  
  not more … than (不像…那样) This book is no more attractive than that one. 这本书和那本书一样不吸引人 .
  
  This book is not more attractive than that one. 这本书不像那本书那样吸引人 .
  
  no less than=as much as (多达)
  
  not less than=at least (至少) She has no less than eight
  
  watches. 她有 8 块手表之多 .
  
  She has not less than eight watches. 她至少有 8 块手表 .
  
  no less … than=as … as (和…一样) He is no less clever than you. 他和你一样聪明 .
  
  不用比较级形容的比较 :senior 比…大 ,junior 比…小 ,superior 比…好 ,inferior 比…差 She is
  
  three years senior to her brother. 她比弟弟大 3 岁 .
  
  I an inferior to him in mathematics. 我的数学不如他 .
  
  15.already,yet,still
  
  already 一般用于肯定名 , 也可用于预料能得到肯定回答的疑问句中 , 表示某事已发生 ;yet 一般用于否定句或疑问句中位于句末 , 意为“还 , 已经” ;still 一般用于肯定句 , 也可用于疑问句 , 意为“仍然 , 还” .
  
  I have already read the book./ We haven’t made speeches yet./ Is my skirt dry yet?/ I still hope to get some advice from you on my studies.
  
  16.too,also,as well,either
  
  前三者意思相近 , 一般不用于否定句中 , 否定句中用 either.Too 常位于名末 , 也紧接在主语后面 ;also 一般用于肯定句和疑问句中 , 位于 be 动词、情态动词、助动词之后 , 实义动词之前 ;as well 一般位于句末 ;either 也一般位于句末 .
  
  They grow cotton, too./ He his also interested in computers./ He is a teacher, and a poet as well./ You didn’t go and she didn’t go, either.
  
  17.faily,rather,quite
  
  A 三者都可以修饰形容词和副词 , 都有“相当”的意思 , 但 failry 词义最弱 ,quite 稍强 ,rather 最强 .Fairly 一般表示肯定、褒义 ,rather 有时表示否定、贬义 .It is fairly cool today. It is rather cold today.
  
  B quite 和 rather 可以修饰动词 , 而 fairly 不能 .
  
  I don’t quite understand what you said./ I rather like the song.
  
  18.so,neither,nor
  
  so 可用在“ so+ 助动词 + 主语”的倒装结构中 , 表示“也” , 位置在助动词前 ,so 的这种用法只能在肯定句里名胜 ; 在否定句中用 neither 或 nor, 结构相同 , 表示“也不” .
  
  He has seen the film. So have I .
  
  Jim doesn’t like the novel. Neither (Nor) does Linda.
  
  19.ago, before
  
  A “时间段 +ago ”表示从现在往前推算的“一段时间以前” , 而“时间段 +before ”表示从过去某时刻再往前推算的“一段时间以前” . 因此 , 前者常与一般过去时连用 , 后者常与过去完成时连用 .
  
  He bought a violin a week ago. From his letter I knew that he had bought a violin a week before
  
  B before 可表示不确定的过去 , 而 ago 则不能 : Have you been there before?
  
  20.very, much, very much
  
  very 可修饰形容词及副词 , 不能直接修饰动词 , 修饰动词时 , 要用 much 或 very much;much 除了修饰动词外 , 还可修饰形容词或副词的比较级及过去分词 ;very much 也可修饰过去分词 :
  
  The novel is very good./ This novel is much better than that one. / Her Japanese is improved very much.
  
  21. 像 afraid, alive, awake, asleep, alone 以“ a ”开头的形容词 , 一般不能用 very 修饰 .
  
  22.deep 与 deeply 都可作副词 , 但意义不同 :deep 指的是深浅的“深” , 如 :dig deep.Deeply 的意思是“涂地、深刻地、深厚地” , 有引申含义 . 如 :We are deeply moved by his deeds.
  
  23.high 与 highly 都可作副词 , 但意义不同 .High 指的是高低的“高” , 如 :jump high;highly 的意思是“高度地 , 高贵地” , 有引申含义 . 如 :She is highly praised.
  
  24.not 是副词 , 不能直接修饰名词 ,no 是形容词 , 能位于名词前作定语 , 有时 no=not any. 如 : I have no brothers=I have no any brothers
  
  25. 某人或某物在与同类比较时 , 某人或某物应排除在被比者之外 :Shanghai is larger than any other city in China. Shanghai is larger than any of the other cities in China .
  
  26. 用最高级时 , 主语本身应包括在最高级所指的范围之中 .He is the oldest of all the classmates.

 

 

 

 

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