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语法:就远原则讲解

[日期:03-22] 来源:网络  作者:未知 [字体: ]

 

语法:就远原则讲解


  【就远原则】
  
  谓语动词与前面主语一致
  
  代表词汇:as well as;(together/along)with;rather than;except;besides;but;including;in addition to;apart from


  
  采用“就近原则”的两个典型用法
  
  即谓语动词的单、复数形式取决于最靠近它的词语。
  
  1. 连词or, not…but…, either…or…, neither…nor…, not only…but also…等连接的并列主语,谓语动词的数与靠近它的主语一致。如:
  
  Not his parents but he doesn’t want to go. 是他的父母亲不想去而不是他不想去。
  
  Neither you nor I am a stranger here. 你和我都不是刚来这里。
  
  Does neither he nor his classmates know the secret? 他和他的同学都不知道这个密秘?
  
  2. 当there be后有两个或几个并列的主语时,be的数由与其靠得最近的那个主语一致。如:There is an apple, two pears and some oranges on the plate. 盘子里有一个苹果,两个梨子和一些桔子。
  
  There are two pears, some oranges and an apple on the plate. 盘子里有两个梨子,一些桔子和一个苹果。
  
  五、由 or,not only … but also …, either … or …, neither … nor …,not … but …等连接两个名词作主语时,谓语动词的单复数形式要根据就近原则来确定。
  
  如:
  
  You or he is going to be sent to study abroad .
  
  He or we are going to be sent to study abroad .
  
  六、“名词 + 介词 / 介词短语( with,together with,along with,as well as 等) + 名词”作主语时,谓语动词的单复数由介词前的名词的单复数形式决定。
  
  如:
  
  Tom as well as his parents enjoys fishing .
  
  You as well as your brother have been accepted .
  
  七、主语从句、不定式或动名词作主语时,谓语动词要用单数形式。
  
  如:
  
  What we can’t get seems better than what we have .
  
  Taking more exercise is good for your health .
  
  八、定语从句中,当先行词在从句中作主语时,从句谓语与先行词的人称和数保持一致;但“ one of + 名词复数”作先行词时,如在 one 前有 the,the very,the only 等词修饰时,从句谓语动词要用单数形式,若没有,则用复数形式。
  
  如:
  
  He is one of the students who have been praised by the headmaster .
  
  He is the only one of the students who has been praised by the headmaster .
  
  九、there be 句型中,be 的单复数形式由其后的名词决定,如果有两个或两个以上的名词,则按就近原则决定。
  
  如:
  
  There is only a desk in the room .
  
  There is only a desk and two chairs in the room .
  
  There are two chairs and a desk in the room .
  
  十、“ the + 形容词”作主语表示一类人时,谓语动词一般用复数形式。
  
  如:
  
  The rich don’t understand the life of the poor .
  

 

 

 

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