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导游必看:佛教用语中英对照(上)

[日期:04-22] 来源:网络  作者:未知 [字体: ]

导游必看:佛教用语中英对照(上)


  A
  
  abbot's quarters 丈室 *
  
  the Abhidharma-kosa-Shastra 《俱舍论》
  
  Abhidharma Pitika 论藏
  
  the Abstract of Abhidharma-kosa-Shastra 《俱舍大要》
  
  the Abstract of the Awesome Deportments of Ten Shramanera Precepts 《沙弥十戒威仪录要》
  
  the Accomplishment Buddha 成就佛 *
  
  accordingly rejoice 随喜 *
  
  acharya  阿阇梨 *
  
  affinities  因缘 * (with emphasis on good relationships)
  
  aid 加持 *
  
  the Akshobhya Buddha 阿閦佛 *
  
  Alaya-Consciousness 阿赖耶识 = Storehouse Consciousness 藏识 *
  
  the Agama Sutra 《阿含经》
  
  All living beings have the Buddha-nature; all can become Buddhas. 一切众生,皆有佛性,皆堪作佛。*
  
  almsgiver / giving host 施主 *
  
  an amala fruit 庵摩罗果 *
  
  the Amitabha Sutra 《阿弥陀经》 the Buddha Speaks the Amitabha Sutra 《佛说阿弥陀经》*
  
  annihilated 断灭 *
  
  anoint the crown of the head, empowerment or initiation 灌顶 *
  
  analogy 譬喻 *
  
  the Anuttarayoga Tantra 无上瑜伽部
  
  the Anuttarayoga Great-awesome-virtues (Yamantaka) Honored One 无上部大威德一尊
  
  aranya  阿练若 *
  
  arisal of conditions 缘起 *
  
  Ashvajit 马胜 *
  
  the Attained Great Strength (Mahasthamaprapta) 得大势 *
  
  attain to wisdom 开智慧 *
  
  attendant 侍者 *
  
  attract    摄
  
  Auspicious Vinaya Monastery 吉祥律院
  
  Avichi Hells 阿鼻地狱 *
  
  awesome deportment 威仪 *

 


  
  B
  
  blessing / blessedness 福 (It depends on where to use.)
  
  the bliss of Dhyana 禅悦 *
  
  (bring forth) Bodhi resolve, Bodhi-mind, Bodhichitta/Bodhicitta or resolve for enlightenment (发)菩提心 *
  
  Bodhimanda 道场 = Way-place *
  
  body produced by intent  意生身 *
  
  bow (to the feet of) 顶礼 *
  
  bow repentances  拜忏 *
  
  the Brahma Net Sutra 《梵网经》*
  
  Bright-eyed Advisors  明眼善知识 *
  
  the Brilliant Mantra of Six Words 六字大明咒 *
  
  bubbling spring 涌泉 *
  
  the Buddha of Immeasurable Life 无量寿佛 *
  
  the Buddha's Universal Great Means Expansive Flower Adornment Sutra 《大方广佛华严经》*
  
  the Buddha-spoken Ullambana Sutra《佛说盂兰盆经》*
  
  Buddhist Association 佛协
  
  Buddhist Canon = Tripitaka 三藏 *

 


  
  C
  
  calligraphy 书法 *
  
  carry on the single pulse of the patriarchs' mind-transmission 推行祖师一脉心传
  
  cast out the false and retain the true 去伪存真 *
  
  catch on fire and enter a demonic state 走火入魔 *
  
  cause and effect 因果 *
  
  causes and conditions  因缘 (with emphasis on the theory, eg. 12 causes and conditions) *
  
  celestial eye 天眼 = heavenly eye *
  
  chandana 旃檀 *
  
  change birth and death 变易生死 *
  
  the Chapter of Dhyana Meditation 《禅定品》
  
  Stopping and Contemplation 止观
  
  the Chapter of the Universal Door of Gwan Shr Yin Bodhisattva 《观世音菩萨普门品》*
  
  the Chapter of the Universal Door 《普门品》 *
  
  chef 大寮
  
  clarified butter 醍醐 *
  
  clasp 搭扣 *
  
  climb on conditions / seize upon conditions 攀缘 *
  
  compliantly rejoice 随喜 = accordingly rejoice *
  
  conditioned dharmas 有为法 *
  
  consciousness devoid of filth 无垢识 *
  
  the Consciousness-only 唯识 *
  
  contemplation method 观想法
  
  Continuous Walking / Standing Buddha Samadhi 常行/般舟三昧 *
  
  convert (a person) 度(人) *
  
  corpse-guarding ghost 守尸鬼 *
  
  couplet 对联 *
  
  cross over (a person) 度(人) *
  
  cultivation and certification 修证 *
  
  cycle of rebirth 轮回 *
  
  cymbals 钹


  
  D
  
  Dakini  空行母
  
  Dana 檀那 *
  
  Danapati 檀越 *
  
  Deer-Wilds Park 鹿野苑 = Deer Park *
  
  defiling objects 尘 *
  
  delusion 惑 *
  
  demon hordes 魔民 *
  
  demon spotting mirror 照魔镜 *
  
  Dependent Origination and the Emptiness of Nature 缘起性空
  
  deviant pride 邪慢 *
  
  deviant knowledge 邪见 *
  
  Dharani 陀罗尼 *
  
  Dharma Ending Age 末法 *
  
  Dharma events 法事 *
  
  Dharma is level and equal, with no high or low. 是法平等,无有高下。*
  
  Dharma joy 法喜 *
  
  Dharma assembly 法会 *
  
  Dharma master 法师 *
  
  Dharma Semblance Age 像法 *
  
  Dhyana concentration / samadhi 禅定 *
  
  diligent and vigorous 勤精进 *
  
  direct karma 性业 vs contributing karma 遮业 *
  
  Disseminate the Dharma 传法
  
  division of seeing  见分 *
  
  division of characteristics 相分 *
  
  Don't do any evil, offer up all good conduct.
  
  诸恶莫作,众善奉行。*
  
  Dhuta practice 头陀行 *
  

  dispel subtle delusions 除细惑 *
  
  draw straws 抽签 *
  


  E
  
  the Earth Store Sutra 《地藏经》 *
  
  efficacious / magical atmosphere 灵气 *
  
  egocentrism 我执
  
  eight virtues of filiality, fraternity, loyalty, trustworthiness, propriety, righteousness, incorruptibility, a sense of shame
  
  八德:孝,悌,忠,信,仁,义,廉,耻
  
  Eight Winds 八风 *
  
  elder Dharma Master 老法师
  
  eloquence of delight in speech 乐说辩才 *
  
  Empowerment 灌顶 (It's widely used for “anointing head-crown”, it's said it's better than “initiation”。 However, it shall only mean “aid from gurus”。)
  
  enlightenment of self, enlightenment of others, the perfection of enlightened practice 自觉、觉他、觉行圆满 *
  
  erudition 多闻 *
  
  essence, energy, spirit 精气神 *
  
  essentials of the mind 心要 *
  
  evil karma 恶业 *
  
  evoke response 感报 *
  
  exalted hero 大雄 *
  
  executive 执事 *
  
  exert oneself in ascetism 苦行 *
  
  exploit conditions 攀缘 *
  
  exploits of demons 魔事 *
  
  external paths / externalist religions 外道 *
  
  extinction 灭 *


  
  F
  
  fine comportment 威仪 *
  
  fine mote of dust 微尘 *
  
  five desires 五欲 *
  
  five edible members of the allium family five pungent plants - onions, leeks, garlic, chives or shallots (scallions) 五辛 - 洋葱、韭、蒜、细香葱、大葱
  
  five marks of decay 五衰相 *
  
  Five Mysterious Meanings 五重玄义 *
  
  five rebellious acts 五逆 *
  
  five Skandhas 五蕴 *
  
  Five-Syllable Mantra 五字真言 *
  
  flattering and crooked mind 陷曲心 *
  
  flesh-body Bodhisattva 肉身菩萨 *
  
  the Flower Adornment Sutra 《华严经》*
  
  Foremost truth 第一义谛 *
  
  foul-mouthed 恶口 *
  
  Four Additional Practices (Heat, Summit, Patience, Foremost in the World) 四加行 *
  
  Four Applications of Mindfulness  四念处 *
  
  Four-armed Gwan Yin (Avalokiteshvara)  四臂观音
  
  Four Dharmas of Attraction  四摄法 *
  
  Four Dhyanas and Eight Samadhis 四禅八定 *
  
  Four Dhyana Heavens 四禅天 *
  
  fourfold assembly 四众
  
  four-stage Arahat 四果罗汉 *
  
  freak-spotting mirror 照妖镜 *
  
  (in) full-lotus posture  跏趺坐 *
  
  Fundamental Honored One (often translated wrongly as “personal deity or tutelary deity”。 It's not a god!) 本尊
  


  G
  
  gather in all six organs 都摄六根 *
  
  Gelukpa Order  格鲁派
  
  Geshe 格西
  
  gild image 装金 *
  
  give rise to the Buddha's knowledge and vision 开佛知见 *
  
  giving 布施 *
  
  goblin 妖 *
  
  gong 钟 *
  
  good roots 善根 *
  
  Good and Wise Advisor / Good Knowing Advisor 善知识 *
  
  gossip 两舌 *
  
  go to kitchen 过堂
  
  grasping 取 (十二因缘) *
  
  great affinities 大因缘 *
  
  Great Brahma King 大梵天王 *
  
  the Great Compassion Heart Dharani Sutra 《大悲心陀罗尼经》*
  
  great exemplars in the Three Realms 弘范三界 *
  
  great golden-winged peng bird 大鹏金翅鸟 *
  
  Great Vehicle / Mahayana 大乘
  
  great wholesome silence 大善寂力 *
  
  the Greatly Wise Manjushri Bodhisattva 大智文殊师利菩萨 *
  
  ground incense 末香 *
  
  Guest Prefect 知客 *
  
  guru 上师

 

 

 

 

 

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